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Viking Ship Models

 

We specialize in Museum quality scale Viking ship scale models built from the Gokstad and other Viking ship plans. We can build to suit a variety of size and budget requirements, depending on the model. Understand the these models are built with an exceptionally level of detail required to keep the models authentic..

Captain Magnus Andersen's replica of the Gokstad ship Viking in New York Harbor in 1893.

CONTENTS

Viking Ship HOME

Ship Construction Methods Pg. 1

Ship Construction Methods Pg. 2

Ship Construction Methods Pg. 3

Ship Construction Methods Pg. 4

Section Plan View

Profile View

Viking Ship Under Construction

View from Amidships

Gokstad in Museum

Steering Oar

Viking Landing

Merisol

Nautical Research Guild

 

GAIA 

 

 


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Gokstad Viking Ship Construction Methods Page 3

 

On the other strakes the ribs and lashing-cleats were fitted together and lashed with fine spruce roots. These were threaded through the corresponding holes in the ridge on the under side of the ribs and in the lashing cleats on the strakes.

The extreme ribs fore are made as high bulkheads, with the sides cut in a series of little steps, fitting closely to the strakes in the planking and nailed to them. There is a small opening in the bottom of the bulkhead over the keel, to allow the bilge water to run through. The bulkhead aft is also formed as a support for the rudder, as will be described later. Far up in the bow and the stern another small bulkhead is inserted. preserved in the Oseberg ship. In the Gokstad ship there is also a trace of it.

From top to top over each rib is a cross-beam. The top side is horizontally flat, while the underside forms a flat curve to give the maximum support to the tenth strake and the adjoining strakes in the planking. The ends are cut obliquely flush with the lines of the ship at each rib. In the middle, the cross-beam is supported by a prop with the lower end cleft to sit astride the rib, and the upper end mortised into the cross-beam. There is no prop for the two ribs nearest the bow and stern, as the ship here so narrow that no support for the cross-beam is needed. Midship there are no props, as the cross-beams here are supported in connection with the mast.

The cross-beams are the last of the main factors of construction below the water line. They complete the lateral reinforcement of the ship. At this point those parts of the structure which bear and secure the mast had to be put in. This is perhaps the most difficult problem to solve in a light and stipple vessel. We know nothing of the past development of this part of the ship. All we know is that by the time of the Viking Era the structure had found a secure and regular form, obviously the result of a long process of trial and error by preceding generations. It is a pleasure indeed to see how this problem was solved in the Gokstad ship.

gokstaddetail3.jpg

In the middle of the ship is placed a sturdy block of oak, resting on the keel and on 4 ribs (ribs 8-11 from the stern). The old term for this block was the crone, (a somewhat drastic image of its function in relation to the mast). It corresponds in function to the keelson of modern times. The crone in the Gokstad ship is 12'2" 3.75 m.) long, about 15 3/4" (40 cm.) high and 23 1/2" (60 cm.) wide at the middle, tapering off toward the ends. It is not fastened to the keel. It is made fast to the 10th rib from the stern by two solid knees nailed on front each side, and by a knee on each side to the 8th and 11th rib.

Tremast Details

Right in front of the 10th rib, and forward of the socket for the mast that is cut into the crone, is a strong, vertically inclining arm, grown in one piece with the crone. The socket itself is formed with the bottom rounded forwards so that the foot of the mast may slip into place when the mast is raised, while aft it is cut square, to hold the mast securely when the ship is under sail: a detail contrived with remarkable skill in order to avoid the necessity of lifting the mast in and out when it was being hoisted or lowered, a frequently recurring task when the ship was under way.

Interior Details

The crone carries the weight of the mast, and holds it firmly in place. The mast partner is laid over the cross-beams, bracing the mast when it is in an upright position. The distance from the keel to the cross-beams is very short in relation to the total length of the mast, and the hold must be reinforced correspondingly to withstand the pressure cell the mast when the ship is under sail. The mast partner is the largest single piece in the entire structure, an oak block 16' 4 4/5," (5 m.) long, extending over 5 cross-beams 7th-l2th from the stern). In the middle it is 3' 3 2/5" (1 m.) wide and 16 1/2" thick, with a steeply arched transverse section, sloping down towards the ends in a characteristic, fish-tail form. This detail explains the origin of the Norwegian expression <> for the mast partner. Each end of the mast partner is mortised into a cross-beam, and the four intervening beams are fitted into grooves cut out from the under side of the mast partner. Under the mast partner there are no props supporting the cross-beams, but the cross-beams over the 9th rib is formed like an upended plank, supported by the rib and the crone. The cross-beam over the 10th rib is reinforced by the crone's vertical arm. Moreover, the mast partner is fastened to the cross=beams by knees nailed onto it from each side. The mast partner is thus firmly secured on all sides, and is in itself strong enough to withstand the greatest strain.

The hole for the mast in the mast partner corresponds naturally to the opening in the crone, and continues aft as a long, uniform opening extending to the 8th rib, so that the mast could be raised and taken down. When the mast was raised, the opening in the mast partner was closed by a solid plug, a flat block of oak with a rabbeted edge making a tight fit. Directly above the floor-boards, between the 7th and 8th rib from the stem, is a solid, pine block on each side of the deck. Each has two deep grooves, as if they were intended to support two rather sturdy posts at a slight incline with their ends braced against the planking. The puzzle of their purpose has been unsolved for a long time. Mr. Nicolaysen guessed that is was some kind of a windlass to aid in stepping the mast, but that seems hardly probable. The explanation of Mr. Fr. Johannessen sterns more likely, viz. that they were supports for the sprits. It is well known that the square sail had to be stretched out with a spar on sailing into the wind or when the wind was abeam, and this spar had to be held firmly in place. The two pine blocks would fit this purpose very well, although it seems strange that there Should be two grooves in each block. The two grooves are made so that the spar could be extended at different angles according to the direction of the wind, an arrangement which would be of great advantage to the ship, in the opinion of Mr. Johannessen. Not all the details can be accounted for, but everything points to the basic correctness of Mr. Johannessen's assumption.

 

 


 

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